acid

acid (@acidskincare)

๐Ÿ”ฌCosmetic dermatology society

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A healthy and strong skin barrier is the foundation of skincare (whether you are looking to prevent signs of aging, treat acne, etc). The best way to strengthen your barrier is to replenish it with its natural components and increase hydration. Here is a list of skin barrier ingredients you should look for in your products. LEGEND: ๐Ÿ’™ These are humectants, which increase the water content of your skin. ๐Ÿ’› These are lipids that will not only reconstruct your barrier but also act as occlusives and emollients which will prevent TEWL (trans-epidermal water loss) by sealing in the moisture produced by humectants! Hope this was helpful! ๐Ÿ˜Š

A healthy and strong skin barrier is the foundation of skincare (whether you are looking to prevent signs of aging, treat acne, etc). The best way to strengthen your barrier is to replenish it with its natural components and increase hydration. Here is a list of skin barrier ingredients you should look for in your products. LEGEND: ๐Ÿ’™ These are humectants, which increase the water content of your skin. ๐Ÿ’› These are lipids that will not only reconstruct your barrier but also act as occlusives and emollients which will prevent TEWL (trans-epidermal water loss) by sealing in the moisture produced by humectants! Hope this was helpful! ๐Ÿ˜Š

SKIN SUPERFOOD. Good for the gram but also good for your skin! Listed above are the nutrients in avocados that are found in significant quantities compared to other foods. Avocados do contain many more nutrients (phytosterols, carotenoides etc) but listed are the ones that stand out most. Essential fatty acids are crucial for skin barrier function, and avocados are a great source. Avocados are also one of the few foods that contain high amounts of vitamin E and C together, which are potent skin antioxidants. Pantothenic acid sounds like panthenol, no? And niacin like niacinamide? ๐Ÿ˜ The cocktail of nutrients found in avocados have also shown to balance out insulin levels in your body on the longrun. Recommended: 1/2 avocado a day ๐Ÿ˜Š

SKIN SUPERFOOD. Good for the gram but also good for your skin! Listed above are the nutrients in avocados that are found in significant quantities compared to other foods. Avocados do contain many more nutrients (phytosterols, carotenoides etc) but listed are the ones that stand out most. Essential fatty acids are crucial for skin barrier function, and avocados are a great source. Avocados are also one of the few foods that contain high amounts of vitamin E and C together, which are potent skin antioxidants. Pantothenic acid sounds like panthenol, no? And niacin like niacinamide? ๐Ÿ˜ The cocktail of nutrients found in avocados have also shown to balance out insulin levels in your body on the longrun. Recommended: 1/2 avocado a day ๐Ÿ˜Š

All acne is different! Even within a certain type, you can find differences. And you can also have multiple types simultaneously. Knowing your acne type/types will guide you towards your treatment options. Also, whiteheads and blackheads aren't actual "pimples", they are comedones. And many people confuse whiteheads with pustules! Hope this was helpful ๐Ÿ˜Š

All acne is different! Even within a certain type, you can find differences. And you can also have multiple types simultaneously. Knowing your acne type/types will guide you towards your treatment options. Also, whiteheads and blackheads aren't actual "pimples", they are comedones. And many people confuse whiteheads with pustules! Hope this was helpful ๐Ÿ˜Š

IMPORTANT: Not all acne is the same, this is very important because the type (or types) of acne a patient has will influence their treatment options. Please keep in mind that this guide is incomplete because choosing the right acne treatment for a patient depends on many other factors, such as: skin type, presence of acne scarring, presence of PIE or PIH, signs of hyperandrogenism, current skin care regimen and acne treatment history, allergies, pregnancy, psychological impact, etc. Moreover, although all acne is inflamed on a microscopic level, the terms โ€œnon-inflamedโ€ or โ€œinflamedโ€ acne remain very useful for classification purposes. Non-inflamed acne refer to comedogenic acne (blackheads and whiteheads) that have little to no inflammation, while inflamed acne refers to papules, pustules, nodules and cysts, which all have visible redness and swelling. Furthermore, nodular and cystic acne are more severe types of acne because the inflammation lies deep down in the skin. This reduces the efficacy of topical treatments and thus oral treatments are usually indicated, like oral isotretinoin and antibiotics. Hope this information was helpful ๐Ÿ˜Š We will make a post on different acne types, so that you can better understand which you might have!

IMPORTANT: Not all acne is the same, this is very important because the type (or types) of acne a patient has will influence their treatment options. Please keep in mind that this guide is incomplete because choosing the right acne treatment for a patient depends on many other factors, such as: skin type, presence of acne scarring, presence of PIE or PIH, signs of hyperandrogenism, current skin care regimen and acne treatment history, allergies, pregnancy, psychological impact, etc. Moreover, although all acne is inflamed on a microscopic level, the terms โ€œnon-inflamedโ€ or โ€œinflamedโ€ acne remain very useful for classification purposes. Non-inflamed acne refer to comedogenic acne (blackheads and whiteheads) that have little to no inflammation, while inflamed acne refers to papules, pustules, nodules and cysts, which all have visible redness and swelling. Furthermore, nodular and cystic acne are more severe types of acne because the inflammation lies deep down in the skin. This reduces the efficacy of topical treatments and thus oral treatments are usually indicated, like oral isotretinoin and antibiotics. Hope this information was helpful ๐Ÿ˜Š We will make a post on different acne types, so that you can better understand which you might have!

Did you know that dehydrated skin activates inflammatory molecules that trigger comedones, other acne lesions, and also aggravate hyperpigmentation? Drink your water, eat your salads, and wear moisturizer! ๐Ÿ˜

Did you know that dehydrated skin activates inflammatory molecules that trigger comedones, other acne lesions, and also aggravate hyperpigmentation? Drink your water, eat your salads, and wear moisturizer! ๐Ÿ˜

IMPORTANT: 
Probiotic supplements have their ups and downs when it comes to health. Because there are thousands of different strains of healthy bacteria that exist in our microbiome, much more research is needed to understand WHICH strains (or combinations of strains), can provide WHICH benefits for WHICH individuals. Since microbiomes differ immensely between individuals, some strains may be more beneficial for some people than others. Probiotic supplements today are limited in their number of strains and thus abide to a โ€œone-size-fits-allโ€ approach by brands, which scientifically, isnโ€™t the most effective. Extensive research is happenening today to make probiotic supplements more personalized but conclusive and pertinent data is difficult to achieve, so this kind of data remains limited for now. With all that being said, studies have shown benefits of certain strains for certain medical needs, including digestive problems and skin concerns. Lactobacillus and bifidobacteria have shown promising skin benefits!
Although probiotic supplements are safe for the large majority of people, you should see your doctor before starting them because contra-indications do exist (weakened immune system, SIBO, serious medical conditions). Your doctor will also guide you towards credible brands and dosages. Keep in mind that you should always favor a diet rich in pre and probiotics to have optimal results, and never rely solely on supplements as a probiotic source. Hope this could bring some insight. ๐Ÿ˜Š

IMPORTANT: Probiotic supplements have their ups and downs when it comes to health. Because there are thousands of different strains of healthy bacteria that exist in our microbiome, much more research is needed to understand WHICH strains (or combinations of strains), can provide WHICH benefits for WHICH individuals. Since microbiomes differ immensely between individuals, some strains may be more beneficial for some people than others. Probiotic supplements today are limited in their number of strains and thus abide to a โ€œone-size-fits-allโ€ approach by brands, which scientifically, isnโ€™t the most effective. Extensive research is happenening today to make probiotic supplements more personalized but conclusive and pertinent data is difficult to achieve, so this kind of data remains limited for now. With all that being said, studies have shown benefits of certain strains for certain medical needs, including digestive problems and skin concerns. Lactobacillus and bifidobacteria have shown promising skin benefits! Although probiotic supplements are safe for the large majority of people, you should see your doctor before starting them because contra-indications do exist (weakened immune system, SIBO, serious medical conditions). Your doctor will also guide you towards credible brands and dosages. Keep in mind that you should always favor a diet rich in pre and probiotics to have optimal results, and never rely solely on supplements as a probiotic source. Hope this could bring some insight. ๐Ÿ˜Š

MORE INFO: 
Oral and topical probiotics have many skin benefits. ๐ŸŒฟ Oral probiotics help regulate your hormones and your immune system which both have a huge impact on skin health. A study showed that 54% of acne patients showed reduction of blemishes after taking oral probiotics. ๐ŸŒฟ Topical probiotics improve your skin's microbiome. You already have billions of bacteria on your skin and probiotics help by promoting the healthy ones. These healthy bacteria living on your face strengthen your skin barrier against external stressors, prevent trans-epidermal loss and keep your skin at an optimal pH level. 
Stay tuned for a post about probiotic supplements! ๐Ÿ˜Š

MORE INFO: Oral and topical probiotics have many skin benefits. ๐ŸŒฟ Oral probiotics help regulate your hormones and your immune system which both have a huge impact on skin health. A study showed that 54% of acne patients showed reduction of blemishes after taking oral probiotics. ๐ŸŒฟ Topical probiotics improve your skin's microbiome. You already have billions of bacteria on your skin and probiotics help by promoting the healthy ones. These healthy bacteria living on your face strengthen your skin barrier against external stressors, prevent trans-epidermal loss and keep your skin at an optimal pH level. Stay tuned for a post about probiotic supplements! ๐Ÿ˜Š

Our overall biological and mental health is largely influenced by our gut microbiome! Our gut microbiome is composed of trillions of microorganisms, some "good" and some "bad". Probiotics add healthy microorganisms to your existing microbiome and suppress the growth of the more pathological and inflammatory microorganisms. The next posts will focus on probiotic skin benefits as well as probiotic supplements ๐Ÿ˜Š

Our overall biological and mental health is largely influenced by our gut microbiome! Our gut microbiome is composed of trillions of microorganisms, some "good" and some "bad". Probiotics add healthy microorganisms to your existing microbiome and suppress the growth of the more pathological and inflammatory microorganisms. The next posts will focus on probiotic skin benefits as well as probiotic supplements ๐Ÿ˜Š

Probiotics? What are they? Health benefits? Skin benefits? Food sources? Supplements? Stay tuned for a probiotics series ๐Ÿ˜Š

Probiotics? What are they? Health benefits? Skin benefits? Food sources? Supplements? Stay tuned for a probiotics series ๐Ÿ˜Š

Your skin is smart! It naturally provides the important molecules and cells needed to maintain skin health. Although these components get naturally depleted with age, a damaged skin barrier will do nothing but accelerate this process. Avoid all barrier damage: overcleansing, overusing actives, dehydration and excessive UV exposure are the main ones. ๐Ÿ˜Š
Fibroblasts, hyaluronic acid, collagen and elastin are ONLY found deep in your dermis! Ceramides, fatty acids and cholesterol are essential components of your superficial skin barrier.

Your skin is smart! It naturally provides the important molecules and cells needed to maintain skin health. Although these components get naturally depleted with age, a damaged skin barrier will do nothing but accelerate this process. Avoid all barrier damage: overcleansing, overusing actives, dehydration and excessive UV exposure are the main ones. ๐Ÿ˜Š Fibroblasts, hyaluronic acid, collagen and elastin are ONLY found deep in your dermis! Ceramides, fatty acids and cholesterol are essential components of your superficial skin barrier.

Oats, protein nut milk, blueberries, walnuts, chia seeds, hint of lemon.

Oats, protein nut milk, blueberries, walnuts, chia seeds, hint of lemon.

Hyperpigmentation is due to an increase in melanin due to inflammation, acne or sun damage. Contrarily to PIE, PIH is treated by using melanin inhibitors such as azelaic acid and retinol. Other effective melanin inhibitors include vitamin C, kojic acid and licorice root extract. A prescribed hydroquinone can be tried if the above actives aren't showing results. Always keep in mind that these actives are useless if you don't wear sunscreen. ๐Ÿ˜Š

Hyperpigmentation is due to an increase in melanin due to inflammation, acne or sun damage. Contrarily to PIE, PIH is treated by using melanin inhibitors such as azelaic acid and retinol. Other effective melanin inhibitors include vitamin C, kojic acid and licorice root extract. A prescribed hydroquinone can be tried if the above actives aren't showing results. Always keep in mind that these actives are useless if you don't wear sunscreen. ๐Ÿ˜Š

Bathroom musts: good lighting, clean, shelves to stack skincare products

Bathroom musts: good lighting, clean, shelves to stack skincare products

The red/purple marks that acne leaves behind is called Post-Inflammatory Erythema (PIE). They aren't scars and they aren't hyperpigmentation. They are a result of increased blood vessels left from inflamed acne, and take several months, up to years, to fade away. The most effective solution is to avoid anything that will prolong inflammation: harsh products, overcleansing, picking, popping and using strong actives. If you are going to use retinol, use it at low percentages! Less is more when it comes to acne and PIE ๐Ÿ˜Š

The red/purple marks that acne leaves behind is called Post-Inflammatory Erythema (PIE). They aren't scars and they aren't hyperpigmentation. They are a result of increased blood vessels left from inflamed acne, and take several months, up to years, to fade away. The most effective solution is to avoid anything that will prolong inflammation: harsh products, overcleansing, picking, popping and using strong actives. If you are going to use retinol, use it at low percentages! Less is more when it comes to acne and PIE ๐Ÿ˜Š

Did you know? Acai berries are the berries that contain the most antioxidants (largely attributed to their high phenol content). They are also a good source of vitamin A, fiber and phytochemicals (especially anthocyanins). They are unique fruits because they also contains fatty acids, unlike most fruits. Although acai berries can definitely give you an antioxidant boost, your skin and health will benefit most if you vary your antioxidant sources (fruits, veggies, spices) ๐Ÿ˜Š

Did you know? Acai berries are the berries that contain the most antioxidants (largely attributed to their high phenol content). They are also a good source of vitamin A, fiber and phytochemicals (especially anthocyanins). They are unique fruits because they also contains fatty acids, unlike most fruits. Although acai berries can definitely give you an antioxidant boost, your skin and health will benefit most if you vary your antioxidant sources (fruits, veggies, spices) ๐Ÿ˜Š

What is the best diet for clear, healthy skin? There is no magical diet that will give everyone clear skin (darn). Dermatologists recommend a varied diet of natural foods, high in veggies and fruits, alongside protein, healthy fats and low glycemic carbs. Here are 7 skin foods that are easy to incorporate daily! This list was inspired by dermatologist Sam Bunting, although she included watermelon (high in lycopene) in her list. We took out watermelon and added chia seeds instead because watermelon isn't something you can easily eat year round and because chia seeds have incredible skin benefits ๐Ÿ˜Š

What is the best diet for clear, healthy skin? There is no magical diet that will give everyone clear skin (darn). Dermatologists recommend a varied diet of natural foods, high in veggies and fruits, alongside protein, healthy fats and low glycemic carbs. Here are 7 skin foods that are easy to incorporate daily! This list was inspired by dermatologist Sam Bunting, although she included watermelon (high in lycopene) in her list. We took out watermelon and added chia seeds instead because watermelon isn't something you can easily eat year round and because chia seeds have incredible skin benefits ๐Ÿ˜Š

The more you learn and become conscious about which foods can make a big difference on your skin and health, the easier it becomes to actually incorporate them into your daily habits! Here is a list of the 7 skin foods you should try to eat every day (alongside a balanced background of quality protein, fats and low glycemic carbs): tomato, carrot, olive oil, avocado, blueberry, watermelon, apple. Recommended by dermatologist Sam Bunting ๐Ÿ˜Š

The more you learn and become conscious about which foods can make a big difference on your skin and health, the easier it becomes to actually incorporate them into your daily habits! Here is a list of the 7 skin foods you should try to eat every day (alongside a balanced background of quality protein, fats and low glycemic carbs): tomato, carrot, olive oil, avocado, blueberry, watermelon, apple. Recommended by dermatologist Sam Bunting ๐Ÿ˜Š

About 80% of people have experienced acne in their life. Acne is not a trivial condition, it can have an important psychological impact on patients! Here is a somewhat meticulous list of the potential causes of acne!

About 80% of people have experienced acne in their life. Acne is not a trivial condition, it can have an important psychological impact on patients! Here is a somewhat meticulous list of the potential causes of acne!

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